Statistical Tests of Percent Differences Among Execution Actors
Short-drop Hangings: Among Executioners, 30% were OK with short-drop hangings. Among Hard Abstract Supporters, only 10% were OK with such executions. Among Soft Abstract Supporters, only 7% were OK with this method of execution. According to the Chi-Square test, these differences are statistically significant. The Sig. value is less than .05. With a Phi coefficient of .27 and an Eta Squared of .06, the effect size of approving this method of execution exerts less than a medium effect on execution roles (intended actions).
When Soft Abstract Supporters and Hard Abstract Supporters were analyzed separately using the Chi-Square test with correction for continuity (2 X 2 table), the difference between them was not statistically significant. With a Phi coefficient of .06 and an Eta Squared of .004, the effect size of approving this method of execution exerts less than a small effect on execution roles (intended actions).